Biodegradability & Compostability Testing

Biodegradability :

Biodegradability is the ability of a material to be broken down by microorganisms, such as bacteria or fungi, into simpler, naturally occurring substances, such as water, carbon dioxide, and biomass. The process of biodegradation can occur through natural processes in the environment, such as exposure to moisture, heat, and microorganisms. Biodegradable materials can be derived from both natural and synthetic sources. However, it’s important to note that not all biodegradable materials break down at the same rate, and the specific conditions required for biodegradation may vary.

The test used is IS 17899T (Acc to Bureau of Indian Standards)

Compostability :

Compostability goes a step further than biodegradability and refers to the ability of a material to break down into compost, a nutrient-rich soil-like substance, under specific composting conditions. Composting is a controlled process that involves providing the ideal environment of temperature, moisture, oxygen, and microorganisms for organic materials to decompose into compost. Compostable materials are typically derived from organic sources, such as plant-based materials, and they break down into non-toxic components that can enrich the soil.

The test used is ISO 17088 & ASTM D6400 (Acc to International & American Standards)

Biodegradability testing measures the complex biochemical process that occurs when microorganisms consume a given type of material. Although complicated, the test results measure relatively simple markers of the biodegradation process. Acc to the laws, a minimum of 90% rate of biodegradation should occur for a valid certification to take place.

You can check Biodegradability of plastics by testing the products as per ASTM, ISO or IS standards.

Aerobic Biodegradation is the breakdown of organic contaminants by microorganisms when oxygen is present. More specifically, it refers to occurring or living only in the presence of oxygen; therefore, the chemistry of the system, environment, or organism is characterized by oxidative conditions.

Aerobic Biodegradation testing of plastics is testing of plastics in aerobic conditions such as soil, compost, sea water.

ASTM D 5988/ ISO 17556 for soil
ASTM 5338/ ISO14855 for compost
ASTM 6691 for sea water

The degradation of compounds by microorganisms in the absence of oxygen is termed as Anaerobic Biodegradation. The process whereby microorganisms use a chemical other than oxygen as an electron acceptor.

Anaerobic Biodegradation testing of plastics is testing of plastics in anaerobic high solid digestion conditions that resembles landfill conditions.

You can test compostable plastics by testing the products as per ASTM D 6400 or ISO 17088 specifications.

Conducting Biodegradation Testing with ERRL

Our Lab facility is situated in Mumbai, India & in Singapore.

Since there are on many different parameter including quantities, specifications, etc; we do not offer a standard price list. You can contact us on contact@errl.co.in mentioning product type, size specification and quantities and we will assist you in the best possible way.

Yes, we already serve customers both in India and globally since last decade.

Yes. Our reports are accepted in Central Pollution Control Board as well as State Pollution Control Board for approvals. We are NABL, BIS & IAS certified which enables our lab’s reports for government approvals according to the PWM amendment rule by CPCB.

Yes. Our reports are valid worldwide & we have been catering to global customers since the inception of our lab.

Our lab can test for biodegradability & compostability of bio-polymers, bioplastics, pla, pbat, oil, chemicals, fabrics, agri-products, bagasse, wood, cotton, etc

We can test for raw materials like granules & pellets and finished products like bags, bottles, cups, glass, straws, tableware, cutlery, packaging, testing kits, cards, shows, clothes, pulp, chemicals, oil, biofuel, etc.

UN Certifications

FAQs un certification

UN Certifications are required for packaging, marking and labelling of dangerous goods, in order to transport it safely (by road, rail, sea and air). Testing is required to be carried out before a UN Certification can be issued.

Yes, certificates generated by our Lab are valid internationally.

Depending on the material and type of Drum, Drop test, Stack test, Cobb test, Leakproofness test and Hydraulic test may be required.

FAQs un certification test

Single certificates are valid for air and sea transportation.

The Packing Group is a grouping of substances (other than those in Hazard Class 2, Class 6 Division 2, and Class 7), in accordance with the degree of danger they present: The appropriate packaging is also dependent on the Packing Group of the material

  • Packing group I(X): substances presenting high danger.
  • Packing group II(Y): substances presenting medium danger.
  • Packing group III(Z): substances presenting low danger.
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